Understanding the Prostate Gland Function

The prostate gland function is important in the male reproductive system. It produces a fluid that makes up to one-third of the semen’s fluid, which is used to protect and nourish the sperm.

Man experiences problem urinating, which may be a symptom of prostate gland function problems

The male reproductive system is complex and includes many parts. That includes the one involved in prostate gland function. The prostate is near the bladder and penis, and surrounds the urethra. This gland gives out a kind of fluid that makes up part of the semen.

Prostate Gland

The prostate helps the semen to exit the body through the urethra.  The prostate’s role is important in the reproductive system even though it only weighs about three-quarters of one ounce (20g) and it’s about the size of a walnut. During the process of releasing sperm millions of sperm move through tubes to the prostate’s area. It then releases fluid that ejects the sperm outside the penis.

The fluid is important because it contains important substances. That includes stuff like zinc, enzymes, and citric acid. One of the important fluids that the prostate releases is an enzyme known as PSA. This is critical to change the fluid’s texture. One of the possible issues of the prostate gland is its location can cause various problems when it grows and becomes an enlarged prostate. Other possible problems are when the gland becomes inflamed or even cancerous. These conditions can cause various problems including the volume and frequency of urination.

What’s the Prostate Gland Function?

The prostate is a gland that’s part of the male reproductive system. The main role is to give off a fluid that helps to make up semen. When semen is ejected from the urethra it’s the prostate’s fluid that helps to achieve this goal.

The normal size of this muscular gland is about the size of a walnut. The average weight among adult males ranges from 7 to 16 grams. Meanwhile, the dimensions range from 15 to 30 centimeters. It’s important to note that sometimes the gland increases in size due to an enlarged prostate or prostate cancer in particular.

The prostate is involved in the movement of millions of sperm as they travel through tubes from testes to the prostate. The prostate produces up to around one-third of the semen’s total volume. It contains different substances like zinc, citric acid, and enzymes. The prostate makes semen a little acidic although it becomes more alkaline/basic due to another fluid that’s added.

An important part of the fluid is an enzyme known as PSA. What’s it all about? PSA changes the semen’s texture to make the semen thinner. The result is the sperm are able to swim around more freely.

There’s no question that the prostate is an important part of the process of processing semen. However, due to its location it can cause problems related to the bladder and urethra.

For example, when the prostate expands this process can block the bladder. That can cause issues related to urination since urine isn’t able to enter or exit the bladder properly. This can cause various issues related to the frequency and volume of the urine.

Studies show that about 90% of men aged 75-80 will suffer an enlarged prostate (BPH). This includes various urine-related problems including a weak stream and frequent urination. An enlarged prostate can also be related to prostate cancer.

Prostate Gland Function Issues

There are various possible issues men can experience and they tend to increase with age. These includ inflamed and enlarged prostate. Here are some of the main ones:


There are actually different types of “inflamed prostate” including acute and chronic. Sometimes this condition results from bacteria and other times it doesn’t.

Bacterial inflamed prostate can cause various symptoms. They include chills, fever, and pain. The acute type can usually be treated successfully with antibiotics.

The chronic version of bacterial inflamed prostate can be more difficult to deal with since the infection keeps returning. There are times that antibiotics work but it can take a long time. It’s important to talk to your doctor about possible treatments.

Then there’s also chronic prostatitis that’s not caused by bacteria. This is another prostate issue. It can cause pain in the back or groin. There are different types of treatments like lifestyle changes, meds, and surgery.


This is “benign prostatic hyperplasia” or BPH. It’s also known informally as “enlarged prostate.” This particular condition is quite common among older men.  BPH means you’re the prostate is growing but it’s not caused by cancer.

Sometimes men do something called “watchful waiting.” As the name suggests it’s about waiting to find out if the symptoms get worse. You’ll need to return to the doctor’s office for future checkups. At that time the doctor will determine whether or not the condition has become worse.

Another common treatment for BPH is medicines. This can include herbal or vitamin supplements like Vitamin D or E. There are also different prescription meds to relax prostate muscles or shrink the gland.

You can pick from different medical procedures. They include surgery, radio/micro waves, and lasers. Different kinds of heat are applied to the prostate in order to reduce excess prostate tissue.

It’s best to get tested for enlarged and inflamed prostate starting in your 50s or even 40s.

Prostate Cancer

This is the most serious prostate condition you can experience. Like enlarged prostates, a cancerous gland can also cause the prostate to grow. However, it’s more serious because cancer cells are involved.

This is actually one of the most common types of cancer among men. In fact, it’s often ranked in the top few types of cancer in many countries.

This condition has the potential to become dangerous. Sometimes the cancer cells divide and spread.  If this process happens quickly then you’ll need powerful treatments that could involve lasers or chemotherapy, for example.

It’s also important to get screened for cancer early and often. One of the main reasons you might not experience symptoms until the cancer’s late stages.

Here are some of the symptoms to watch out for:

  1. Weak urine stream
  2. Bone pain
  3. Erectile Dysfunction (ED)
  4. Problems urinating
  5. Discomfort in the pelvic area

You should get tested regularly for this condition. Make sure to start getting tested at 50 years old. If your family has a history of this cancer you should start getting screened earlier.

There’s a lot of issues involved in the plusses/minuses of prostate cancer screening. What’s most important is to get screened and screened regularly. Your doctor can help you pick the best option for you.

The irony of prostate cancer is that while it’s very common among men, scientists aren’t entirely sure about what causes it. It basically about prostate cells starting to become abnormal. Then they grow/divide faster than the speed of healthy cells.

As this process continues it can cause a tumor to grow. Then that tumor starts attacking healthy tissues in the area.

It’s important to watch out for cancer cells that start spreading to other body parts. This process is known as “metastasizing.” This is something to detect so you can prevent problems related to prostate gland function.

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