Diabetes is quite a serious health problem that may either come up in children or old age. The type of diabetes that happens old age is type II Diabetes. It is the most frequent disease condition that older adults develop. Diabetes is simply an excessively high glucose level in the blood. Well, there is good news. You can begin to take steps while you are still young to delay type II diabetes or prevent it altogether. However, if you already have the condition, there are also many ways to manage old age diabetes symptoms, as well as prevent complications and other related health problems.
Your body turns many of the foods you eat into a type of sugar known as glucose. This glucose gives you the energy with which you do your day-to-day activities. But for your body to make use of glucose for energy, it needs the hormone, insulin. Insulin helps glucose to get into the cells of your body. Without the proper function of insulin, glucose will remain in your blood and not be of optimal benefit to your body. This means that the absence of insulin can cause diabetes. You can also have diabetes if your body makes less than enough insulin or your cells are no longer responding to insulin the way they should.
What You Need To Know About Old Age Diabetes
Like we mentioned earlier, there is a type of diabetes that occurs in old age, and another that occurs mostly in children. The one that develops mostly in children is called type I diabetes.
Type I diabetes is the type that occurs when your body is not making insulin. This rarely occurs in older age. Most people that have this type develop it as children. These people would typically have diabetes for life.
Type II diabetes is the one that occurs usually in old age. If you have this type, your body is making enough insulin, but your cells are not using it well. This type is more common than type I.
When we call it old age diabetes, we mean to say it is more common among middle-aged and aged people. It is very rare to find it in children.
If you have close relatives that have had type II diabetes, then you are also at risk for the disease. Being overweight or inactive would further increase your risk.
Some women develop diabetes temporarily whenever they are pregnant. Their blood sugar usually returns to normal after delivery. This is called gestational diabetes. Women with this are also at a higher risk for type II diabetes later on in life.
If you don’t manage type II diabetes very well, it can cause serious damage and lead to various other health issues. These include stroke, heart disease, eye problems, nerve damage, and kidney disease. Nerve damage may eventually lead to the need for amputation.
Old age diabetes is not a condition to joke with at all. There are indications that it may also increase the risks of Alzheimer’s disease and some forms of cancer.
Before many people have type II diabetes, they first have prediabetes. It is from this point that you should begin to take steps to delay type II diabetes or prevent it altogether.
Old Age Diabetes Symptoms and Treatment
Old age (Type II) diabetes symptoms include the following:
- Constant feeling of tiredness
- An increased frequency of thirst or hunger
- Unexplainable loss of weight
- Frequent urination
- Troubles with blurred vision
- Skin infections
- Wounds heal very slowly
It may be hard to detect type II diabetes sometimes because the symptoms usually develop slowly. They may go unnoticed until they become severe.
At times, some people ignore the symptoms and explain it away as old age symptoms. They dismiss all the signs not knowing that it indicates a serious health problem.
If you ever experience any of the symptoms we listed above, you should speak with your healthcare provider. If indeed you have type II diabetes, your healthcare provider will help you manage the condition so that it would not lead to more serious health conditions.
You can manage your blood glucose with just lifestyle changes like regular exercise and a diet. Depending on how you’re your blood glucose is you may also need insulin injections or diabetes pills.
Even if you start with lifestyle changes and they keep your blood glucose in check, you may need to add medications over time. Whatever be the case, you are safe if you have a good management plan that you follow. Your health management team would help you create one.
The management plan is always individualized. It factors in such things as your lifestyle, health goals lifestyle, preferences, and any other health condition you may have. Your healthcare provider may choose to involve some other healthcare professionals or specialists in your care and management.
As you manage diabetes, you should regularly monitor your blood glucose. You also need to eat a healthy diet and lose weight if need be. Becoming more physically active may also be of help. Finally, if your doctor gives you any medicines, make sure you use them religiously.
Diagnosis of Old Age Diabetes
To diagnose diabetes, your doctors would carry out some blood tests to measure the level of glucose in your blood. They may include the following:
- Random plasma/glucose test
- A1C test
- Fasting plasma/glucose test
- Oral glucose tolerance test
Your doctor can also decide to assess your mental health by screening you for cognitive impairments or depression. People with old age diabetes are more prone to these conditions than their age mates who are free of diabetes.
Millions of adults in America have prediabetes. They have elevated blood glucose, but the level is not yet high enough to call it diabetes. If you are prediabetic, you should begin to make lifestyle changes.
If you begin to notice old age diabetes symptoms, inform your healthcare provider so that proper management can start in time. The outlooks and prognosis of type II diabetes are better when you start managing it early on.