The male reproductive system diseases refer to the specific illness that can affect the normal functioning of testes, penis, and muscles that control erection and urination. Left untreated, such male disease can lead to reproductive impairment or even a life-threatening condition. The following details some of the problems of male reproductive system diseases.
What are Reproductive System Diseases and its Causes?
These diseases and causes constitute the following:
Infertility in males
Male infertility arises from the low sperm count and blockages because of lifestyle choices, injuries, illnesses and other factors. Symptoms include the inability to smell, swelling or pain the testicle area, sexual function problems, decreased body or facial hair, abnormal growth of breast and recurring respiratory infections.
The causes of male infertility lie on the following:
- Disorder in gonad
- Pituitary or hypothalamic disorder
- Unknown causes
- Disorder in sperm transport
- Radiation exposure
- Alcohol, tobacco and drug abuse
- Wearing tight underwear
- STD history
- Urinary tract infections
This occurs when your body cells grow without control and spread. It begins in the prostate gland and grows uncontrolled. This prostate gland makes the semen and only found in the males. It’s located in front of the rectum and below the bladder. Symptoms include blood in the urine and seminal fluid; frequent urination at night, interrupted flow of urine, discomfort in sitting in case of an enlarged prostate, fatigue, fluid buildup and swelling, bowel habit changes and weight loss without justified causes.
Prostate cancer comprises causes such as:
- Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia or PIN – A condition linked to prostate cancer risk.
- Genome change in BRCA2 and BRAC2
- Lifestyle – A diet high in fat and red meat may increase prostate cancer
- Increase in testosterone levels – an increase in testosterone such as in testosterone therapy can increase the risk.
- Certain age groups: men over the age of 40 are at high risk.
- Exposure to radiation
Testicular cancer involves an enlarged either testicles, back pain, discomfort or pain the scrotum or testicle, fluid collection in the scrotum and a feel of heaviness in the testicle. This type of cancer is highly treatable even in advance stages.
The causes include:
- Family history – A man with a relative having a testicular cancer is likely to develop the condition.
- Ancestry – This condition is common in Caucasian men than in African men. The highest rate can be found in Germany, New Zealand, and Scandinavia.
- Abnormality in testicular development – A condition as the Klinefelter’s syndrome can increase the testicular cancer risk.
- Hernia in the groin
- Undescended testicle or cryptorchidism
- Congenital abnormality – Abnormalities in kidneys, kidneys, and testicles
Male hypogonadism or testosterone deficiency
Male hypogonadism or Testosterone deficiency involves symptoms such as fatigue, body fat increase, high hemoglobin A1c levels, sleeping problems or insomnia, depression, difficulty in concentrating, low count of sperm, hot flashes, low interest in sex or libido and problems with erection.
Hypogonadism is caused by these types of primary and secondary. The primary cause lies in the testicle problem. The secondary cause comprises a problem in the pituitary or hypothalamus gland. These glands are needed to make a gonadotropin-releasing hormone that signals the pituitary to produce the luteinizing hormone – LH and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). The following are the causes for primary and secondary:
Mumps orchitis, Klinefelter syndrome, cancer treatment, hemochromatosis, testicle injury and undescended testicle.
Obesity, pituitary disorder, AIDS/HIV, Kallmann syndrome (abnormal hypothalamus development), inflammatory disease, medications, and normal aging.
Erectile dysfunction refers to the inability of the penis to become firm or stay hard that often leads to low sexual performance. It may arise from the problems in hormones, blood flow, and nerve supply. The causes include diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, high blood pressure, heart disease, complications in surgery, alcoholism, drug abuse, obesity, and high cholesterol. Erectile dysfunction may be caused by the following:
Medications – Certain drugs can interfere with blood flow and blood flow. These medications that might cause ED includes (ketoconazole), SSRIs, diuretics, Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antihypertensives, antihistamines, beta-blockers, a drug used for GERD such as the histamine H2 receptor antagonist.
Recreational drugs – Recreational and illegal drugs might cause ED such as opiates, alcohol, cocaine, alcohol, marijuana, nicotine, amphetamines and methadone.
Prostatitis refers to prostate gland inflammation and swelling. This gland is walnut in size and located below the men’s bladder and produces semen that transports and nourishes sperm.
The following are the symptoms:
- Varicocele (testicles have dilated veins)
- Hydrocele or fluid buildup around a testicle
- BPH or enlarged prostate
- Cloudy urine
- Painful ejaculation
- Symptoms like flu in the case of bacterial prostatitis
- Pain in the lower back, groin, and abdomen
- Hesitant urination, dribbling or difficulty in urination.
- Burning or pain sensation during urinating.
The following are risk factors of prostatitis:
- Young to middle-aged men
- Having AIDS/HIV
- Bladder infection
- Epididymitis or the inflammation of the coiled tube located at the back of the testis
- Prostatic abscess or puss-filled cavity.
- The following may cause prostatitis;
- Urinary tract damage caused by physical injury or surgery
- Immune system response to UTI
- Psychological stress
- Recurring bacterial prostatitis
What are the Foods that can Help the Male Reproductive System?
These superfoods may or might help men to boost their reproductive system:
- Leafy and dark green vegetables such as kale and spinach
- Sardines and salmon
- Brazil nuts
- Full-fat dairy
- Water (for rehydration)
- Dark chocolate
- Pumpkin seeds and oysters
What Foods to Avoid?
These foods may or might be unhealthy to men’s reproductive health:
- Processed meat
- Fatty fish
- Bell pepper
- Whole grains
- Fortified milk
- Egg yolk
- Olive oil
- Full-fat dairy products
- Fried foods
- Fatty fish
- Whole grains
- Red and orange vegetables
- Cherries and berries
Certain changes in lifestyle can improve or decrease the risk.
- Quitting smoking and alcohol abuse
- Doing exercise
- Doing moderate masturbation (numerous sources tells that masturbation is good for the health and might be good for prostate health)
The Bottom Line
The male reproductive system disease can be or not life-threatening. Follow a lifestyle and foods that benefit your health. Avoid certain things that are unhealthy to your reproductive health. If you suspect that you experience some of the symptoms of such disease, consult a competent physician