Low Blood Pressure Symptoms and Treatment

Low blood pressure is identified when we have a systolic reading or the top number reading of lower than 90 mm Hg and a reading of 60 mm Hg for the diastolic or bottom number reading.

woman getting nauseous

Primarily, though, people look for ways to avoid certain illnesses or medical conditions that may affect the overall quality of their lives. One such medical condition is known as hypotension. To better take care of themselves and immediately address the said medical condition, people will naturally look for ways to identify hypotension through its signs and symptoms and the possible treatments. In this article, we will look at the signs and symptoms and possible treatment options for low blood pressure or hypotension.

Hypotension or Low Blood Pressure: A Brief Backgrounder

Due to the evidence suggesting that hypertension of high blood pressure can create various adverse health effects, low blood pressure or hypotension can be seen by some as desirable or something beneficial. High blood pressure or hypertension can result in various cardiovascular diseases that can severely impact the quality of life of individuals. However, it is important to demonstrate in this article that extreme hypotension could also have adverse health risks. Hypotension can actually cause some patients or individuals to experience dizziness or fainting spells. At its most extreme, it can be a dangerous and life-threatening condition.

How do we define hypotension? Normally, it is identified when we have a systolic reading or the top number reading of lower than 90 mm Hg and a reading of 60 mm Hg for the diastolic or bottom number reading.

There are a number of factors that can contribute to the low reading of an individual and it can be due to something as simple as being dehydrated or having certain disorders brought about by surgery or other medical conditions. Patients, in general, are advised to seek medical treatment at once.

What are the Symptoms?

common signs of low blood pressure

There are some symptoms that should be a cause of concern for individuals as they may have blood pressure that considerably and suddenly drops which may be a sign of a deeper medical condition that needs to be immediately addressed. Some of these signs and symptoms of low blood pressure or hypotension include:

  • Lack of Focus or concentration
  • Fatigue or the feeling of being tired
  • Nausea
  • A vision that is blurred
  • Syncope or Fainting
  • Lightheadedness or dizziness

People with extreme levels of hypotension may experience shock related symptoms and can be dangerous and life-threatening to individuals. Some of these symptoms are:

  • Rapid but weak pulse reading
  • Shallow and rapid breathing
  • Clammy, pale and cold skin
  • Confusion especially for those who are older

When to Seek Medical Assistance

Low Blood pressure related shock symptoms such as those listed above should immediately warrant a visit to the doctor’s office or emergency room as they can be dangerous and life-threatening. If it is determined that an individual has a regular and constant low pressure reading without feeling any of the said symptoms, the doctor may simply just regularly monitor the overall health of the patient.

Those who have hypotension and occasionally experience lightheadedness and dizziness may consider this as a minor issue or concern which may also be the result of an inconsequential event such as staying for long periods under the sun resulting in dehydration. However minor the findings, it is still important for your doctor to know all about the said instances of low blood pressure as the medical partner can come up with a reliable record of all instances connected with the dips in patient blood pressure.

What Causes It?

Hypotension can be caused by a number of different reasons. It is basically a measurement of a person’s heartbeat during physical activity and the resting phase. The top number of the blood pressure reading or the Systolic reading is a measure of the pressure generated by the heart as it pumps blood through the body. The Diastolic reading or the bottom number of the blood pressure reading, on the other hand, is the measurement of the pressure of the heart muscles while it is resting. Generally speaking, a blood pressure that is considered normal should ideally read lower than 120/ 80 mm Hg.

The Systolic and Diastolic number of a patient’s blood pressure reading may change as the day progresses and can greatly depend on a number of different factors. These include breathing cycle observed, physical condition, levels of stress experienced, medications are taken throughout the day, food items and drinks consumed and ingested and as simple as body position. Blood pressure is normally lowest during the night time and may spike once an individual wakes up.

Specific Conditions that Can Cause Low Blood Pressure

Aside from the normal everyday routine that can cause hypotension, other medical conditions may contribute to the development of hypotension in individuals. These include a diet lacking in nutrients, allergic reactions, infections or septicemia, losing significant amounts of blood, being dehydrated, problems with the endocrine gland, cardiovascular diseases or problems and being pregnant.

What are Some of the Treatment Options for Hypotension?

Doctors may prescribe or require that hypotension is treated or addressed using a number of different treatments. Doctors can require patients to consume or take in more salts so that the sodium present in salt can help elevate blood pressure levels. Doctors may also advise patients to drink or take in more water and to wear stockings or clothing for compression. Healthcare professionals may also require patients with low blood pressure to take certain medications such as midodrine and fludrocortisone.

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