Have you been diagnosed with an enlarged prostate? This condition is more common in older men and affects about half of men aged 75+ years old. The prostate gland manufacturers a fluid that’s involved in the reproductive system and sexual fluids. The condition also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) isn’t cancer and doesn’t boost your risk of prostate cancer. However, it can still become a serious condition and should be screened and diagnosed as early as possible. BPH has various causes and can several treatments exist, but you should be aware of enlarged prostate medications to avoid. This can help to avoid various complications.
The problem is some medications could actually worsen a man’s enlarged prostate. That’s definitely a situation you’ll want to avoid. They include antidepressants, diuretics, and even some OTC medicines. What’s the problem? These medicines could cause issues related to urine flow, which is already a problem with BPH. It’s important to make sure to know which meds you should avoid if you have an enlarged prostate. It’s critical to inform your doctor of all OTC/prescription meds you’re already taking. He/She can then inform you about whether any of these medications could cause problems with your prostate condition.
What is BPH?
First, let’s talk about what BPH is. This condition involves the small gland that’s about the size of a walnut or golf ball. It produces a fluid that’s used during sexual activity. This gland is located around a tube that urine passed out of known as the urethra.
As the name suggests an enlarged prostate involves the prostate gets bigger. This is a normal condition for older men and is more likely among men 50+ years old or in particular. This highlights the need to get screened for BPH to find out whether or not you’re experiencing it.
It’s interesting that scientists aren’t 100% certain about what causes BPH. Certain factors involved include aging, testosterone levels, and the testicle cells might be factors.
Other factors are worth noting. Prostate cancer and enlarged cancer are two completely different medical conditions.
It might also seem that the bigger the prostate grows the more serious the symptoms will be. However, that’s not the case. A slightly bigger-than-average prostate can cause serious problems while the vice-versa situation can also take place.
There are various causes of urination issues. However, if you notice certain ones you should contact your doctor and especially if you’re middle-aged or older. It could be a sign of an enlarged prostate.
Here are some of the main symptoms of BPH:
- Difficulty urinating
- The bladder doesn’t empty during urination
- Urinating late at night
- Weak urine stream
- Starting/stopping when urinating
- Urinating 9+ times daily
- Problems starting/starting to urinate
It’s important to get prostate issues treated as soon as possible. The problem is it can cause problems involving the prostate, bladder, etc. For example, you might have to urinate several times during the night.
You might experience a bladder infection due it not being able to empty completely. This can cause various problems like urinary tract infection (UIT) or bladder stones.
How Is BPH Treated?
If you’re diagnosed with BPH then you have several treatment options including:
These meds can shrink the prostate by stopping hormone changes that trigger prostate growth. These medications can take a maximum of 6 months to start working. They can include various side-effects so it’s important to learn about them.
These meds are used to cause bladder and prostate muscles to relax, which makes your urination easier. Men with slightly larger prostates usually get results from alpha-blockers. They might cause some side effects like dizziness.
Some studies show that this med might help to treat the condition of prostate enlargement. It’s often used for treating erectile dysfunction (ED). Some ED meds seem to help boost urine flow, which can help patients with an enlarged prostate.
Your doctor might also recommend a combination of drugs like an alpha-blocker and 5-ARI. This combo is usually prescribed if both drug types don’t work by themselves.
This procedure involves using a scope to operate on the gland. This allows urine to flow easily through the patient’s urethra. The option is used when the patient has a prostate gland that’s a little or moderately larger than normal. It’s a good option when other options are too risky to do
This involves a laser zapping/removing extra prostate tissue. This procedure has fewer side-effects and usually provides fast relief of symptoms.
This involves using microwave energy to destroy the inside area of the prostate gland. After it shrinks urine can flow more easily. This surgery might take some time to see results. It’s usually only used for men with small prostates.
This surgery involves using a scope to remove the prostate’s outer part. This can help boost urine flow quickly, which can be a plus for patients with BPH.
Enlarged Prostate Medications to Avoid
There are some medications you should generally avoid if you have BPH since it could make your symptoms/condition worse.
It’s important to inform your doctor if you take any of these meds since they can cause a world of trouble for you. In fact, you should inform him/her of all over-the-counter (OTC)/prescription drugs and dietary supplements you’re taking. This will help to avoid possible complications.
OTC medicines, in particular, might be surprising since these medications don’t include the strong chemicals found in prescription meds. What’s the problem? They can also affect BPH. It’s important to look for warning labels about using these meds when you have BPH.
Here are some meds to watch out for:
These pain relievers include aspirin and Advil. Studies show mixed results from these OTC meds. They might shrink the prostate, which is a good thing for BPH sufferers. Meanwhile, other studies show NSAIDs might also make it tougher to urinate.
These are often used to treat colds. They can make BPH symptoms worse since they cause the prostate muscles to tighten. That makes it tough for urine to exit the bladder.
They’re used to treat allergies and one example is Benadryl. They prevent the bladder from contracting, which can slow down urine flow.
An older version of antidepressants known as “tricyclic” cause the bladder muscles to contract less. This can make BPH symptoms worse and riskless urination.
These drugs are used to remove fluid your body doesn’t need. This is done by transferring extra water in the bloodstream to the urine. These prescription meds are used for treating various conditions including:
- High blood pressure
- Liver disease
- Heart failure
These meds make patients urinate more frequently so they make BPH symptoms worse. When treating BPH it’s important to know about these various enlarged prostate medications to avoid.