Are you preparing for a PSA test? Before taking the test it’s critical to know certain info like does alcohol affect PSA test? This is important so you’ll know whether or not alcohol affects the test results. Certain factors like age, diet, and BPH (enlarged prostate) can all affect PSA tests. So it’s important to know whether or not other factors like a glass of wine or a can of beer affect the results. As always it’s critical to get the most accurate results possible.
Scientists first discovered prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in blood 40+ years ago in 1979. The US Food & Drug Administration (FDA) later approved PSA tests to screen for prostate cancer in 1994. Doctors order PSA tests to check for certain health conditions. Prostate cancer is the main one. However, high PSA figures can also be a sign of other conditions like enlarged prostate and swelling/inflammation of the gland known as prostatitis. It’s important to know what levels are considered to be “high” and what it means in terms of your risk of prostate cancer and other conditions. Besides that, it’s important to know how diet, exercise, alcohol, etc. might affect your test results. It could tweak your PSA levels.
What Exactly Is Prostate Cancer?
This is the main health condition that’s detected by PSA tests so it’s important to know what it’s all about. The prostate itself is a walnut-shaped gland that’s located in men’s pelvis. It’s located beside the bladder and can be inspected by a doctor.
Prostate cancer is a kind of cancer that forms in the gland. It’s the second most fatal cancer among US men. During their lifetime about 11% of men will be diagnosed with this serious condition. This highlights the importance of getting prostate cancer screening like PSA tests.
It’s important to note that prostate growth can either be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). The non-cancerous growths like an enlarged prostate (BPH) usually aren’t serious.
There are various reasons. That’s because these growths don’t involve surrounding tissues. They also can be removed and don’t spread to other body parts. That differs from cancerous tumors that can spread to non-prostate body parts.
Prostate cancer can be very serious. It can spread to other tissues/organs throughout the body. That includes bones and lymph nodes. This happens when cancer cells break away from the prostate area and move to other areas.
The cancer cells can spread to other body parts through stuff like blood vessels. The cancerous cells can then form new tumors, which can cause damage there. One of the main issues is the new cancer tumors have the same cancer cells that existed in the original prostate tumor.
There are different symptoms that you might experience if you’ve been diagnosed with prostate cancer. This is based on the cancer state you’re experiencing. For example, the early stages are often like enlarged prostate. You might also experience other symptoms that are unlike BPH.
It’s important to watch for urinary issues. This could be a red flag that you have prostate cancer or other health issues related to the gland.
Does Alcohol Affect PSA test?
The prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test tests the stuff that the prostate gland makes. When a man has high Psa levels it could be a sign of different conditions like enlarged, infected, or cancerous prostate. However, the test is mostly used to test for prostate cancer.
When reviewing PSA test results it’s important to know what’s normal and abnormal. In general safe results range from 0 nanograms/milliliter to 2.5 ng/mL. Meanwhile dangerous levels are 10+ ng/mL. If you have these test results you should contact your doctor ASAP. This reading means there’s a 50/50 chance you have prostate cancer.
PSA tests involve taking blood from the patient. This is usually from the arm and results are usually sent within many days.
There’s some debate about when to start having PSA tests. It really depends on various factors like your age and whether you’re high-risk. In general, the guidelines are tests from 55+ years old if you’re an average risk. It should start as early as 40 to 45 years old if you’re at high risk.
Another issue to consider is that different factors can affect the PSA test results. This includes ones like age, diet, prostate cancer, and others. It’s important to know how these factors can affect the PSA test results.
For example, studies show that weight gain and especially obesity can affect PSA test results. Some chances are triggered by other factors like age. There are also other factors like prostate infections, enlargement, and cancer. These can also affect PSA scores and be signs that you have a prostate condition.
Other possible factors might affect the “false/positive” increases in PSA test scores. They include ones like food, medications, alcohol, and smoking. Studies show that these factors don’t affect the false/positive results.
Tips to Lower PSA Levels Naturally
Drink green tea
This particular one is a good option because it’s the highest-antioxidant tea among processed teas. Green tea, in particular, is high in antioxidants that can help to fight off cancer cells. You can also enjoy it hot or cold for the same free radical-fighting benefits. Various studies show that green tea seems to have anti-cancer properties.
Pick healthy fat
This includes omega-3 over omega-6 and unsaturated over-saturated. Some studies show that eating animal fat, in particular, can increase men’s risk of prostate cancer. While this doesn’t mean you should ditch meat you should go with lean cuts to help reduce your risk of issues like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and cancer.
Eat more fruits and veggies
The USDA recommends that about half of your diet be made up of fruits and veggies. These foods are high in vitamins, minerals, and enzymes. They’re also high in powerful antioxidants that can have anti-cancer properties. Eating more tomato soup, juice, and sauce doesn’t mean there’s a 100% chance you won’t get prostate cancer. That said, it can certainly help to lower your risk of prostate cancer.
Drink more coffee
Make sure to go with black coffee since it’s less processed compared to other varieties. You should definitely skip the white sugar and non-dairy creamer. In fact, several studies show that drinking 4 to 6 cups of coffee per day can have several health benefits. The coffee beans are high-antioxidant so they’re ideal for fighting off free radical molecules.
Eat bright-colored foods
This isn’t related to the actual pigments. The bright colors in foods like tomatoes and watermelon are due to the powerful antioxidants they contain. For example, tomatoes have an antioxidant known as “lycopene.” It’s what gives them their famous red color but also helps to fight off free radicals. They can also fight off cancer cells that are helpful after learning does alcohol affect PSA test.