A skin that is dark on legs and thighs that can be experienced by different people regardless of age, gender, or skin type. This will commonly occur when the leg’s skin undergoes excessive production of melanin, a type of skin pigment that can give it a certain shade or color. This condition is referred to as hyperpigmentation. The legs’ discoloration can also affect other areas of the body such as the inner thighs, the groin area, and the bikini area.
Possible Causes of Dark Spots on Legs
Many different factors can lead to the development of these dark spots or skin darkening on the legs. Some of the said factors are:
- Diabetes mellitus
- Acanthosis nigricans
- Friction caused by clothing that is tight
- Dry skin
- Exposure to the sun
- Specific medicine such as medications for chemotherapy, or oral hormonal contraceptives.
- Hormonal imbalance
- PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome).
Dark Spots On Legs: Risk Factors
Persons who are obese may have risks that are much higher in terms of dark spots and skin caused by chafing of the skin. individuals who are also taking specific medicines, those with type diabetes, and those with hormonal imbalances may also be at higher risk for the said condition.
Below, we look at some of the possible home remedies that can help address dark spots and skin on the legs:
1. Lemon juice and coconut oil
Lemons contain tons of vitamin C which can aid in the treatment of hyperpigmentation. Coconut oil, on the other hand, can act as a moisturizing agent and can help maintain the skin on the legs that is supple and soft. To make this lemon and coconut scrub, mix in a few tbsp of coconut oil with half a lemon’s juice. Next, start rubbing the formula into the area that is affected and massage for more than ten minutes before having the area rinsed. There is evidence to suggest that formulas that contain vitamin C can have better efficacy compared to others. As such, this method may not always be the best option for a lot of individuals.
2. Sugar Scrub
The skin may be exfoliated the skin and having the area affected by dark spots or dark skin scrubbed with sugar especially if the dark spot is caused by the buildup of skin cells that are dead. To come up with this sugar scrub, mix a tablespoon of honey, a teaspoon of sugar, and fresh lemon juice. Scrub the mixture gently into the affected portions of the leg before having the portion of the legs in the removal of the scrub.
3. Oatmeal Yogurt Scrub
Oatmeal can also be utilized in the treatment of certain inflammatory skin conditions and eczema. This kind of scrub may also serve as an exfoliant and can be considered as much more gentle compared to sugar. Yogurt also has lactic acid and have skin health improved. Yogurt can also provide other benefits for skin health when applied topically or taken orally but the studies are still not that comprehensive. Those who want to come up with this kind of scrub can create some paste using equal portions of yogurt and oatmeal. Next, apply the mixture to the area where the dark spots are present before gently scrubbing. Lastly, rinse the paste off the affected portion of the skin.
4. Water paste and baking soda
Baking soda may aid in skin exfoliation and in lightening the skin. However, it must be utilized with caution due to baking soda being too strong for the skin. It can lead to skin irritation and lead to much worse skin conditions. To come up with this kind of scrub, mix equal part water and baking soda, gently apply a layer that is thin on the affected area of the legs similar to that of a face or body mask, and let is stay on the skin for fifteen minutes before being washed off.
5. Aloe Vera
Products that are aloe-vera based or aloe vera gel which can have irritated and chafed skin soothed and addressed. This is because aloin is present in aloe vera which can be potent in terms of skin lightening. This can be applied similarly to a lotion and leave the product to have the skin soaked. Unlike other scrubs, there is no need to have it washed off after application.
Potatoes may be rubbed on the skin to remedy the skin’s dark spots. it is believed that an enzyme present in potatoes known as catecholase, can lead to lighter skin. To use this treatment, people need to have some potatoes sliced. Next, have potato slices rubbed over the area that is affected for more than fifteen minutes before rinsing the area off.
Other possible treatment options can include over-the-counter treatments that can contain ingredients like licorice, kojic acid, and arbutin. Other prescription options may also be used such as Laser Treatments, Retinoids, and hydroquinone.
How to Prevent Dark Skin and Spots on the Legs
Those who want to prevent the development of dark spots and dark skin on the legs may observe the following:
- Ensure that chafing is prevented by using nylon stockings or bicycle shorts
- Keep the legs well exfoliated and clean to reduce dead skin and cell buildup
- Use breathable clothing and loos to prevent friction and too much sweating
- Reduce waxing or shaving a specific repeatedly
- Use sunscreen with at least 30SPF or higher if sun exposure is expected and to avoid excessive sun exposure