A lot of individuals are suffering from a condition known as melasma, a type of hyperpigmentation which can turn the color of the skin darker compared to the other surrounding areas. These dark patches of skin can be stubborn and can be found in the different areas of the face such as the nose, cheeks, and forehead. Melasma occurs due to melanin being overly produced by melanocytes, a type of cell responsible for the production of pigments. While it is true that melasma won’t have any real lasting and drastic health effect on individuals, having these dark spots or marks on the face (especially the forehead) can be quite stressful and unsightly.
Those who wish to find out how to effectively remove and have the blemishes reduced should go ahead and read this article. It will detail the latest treatment options and different methods for having an uneven skin tone.
Melasma: What Are They?
Several different factors can lead to the hyperpigmentation of the skin with some factors possibly being quite serious. Just to be on the safe side, it is always best to check with a healthcare professional such as a dermatologist for any discoloration of the skin to possibly identify possible skin changes that may be caused by skin cancer or some other precancerous condition.
The most common form of hyperpigmentation though is referred to as melasma which will usually have dark spots that are unsightly on the different areas of the face such as the upper lip, cheeks, forehead, and the face. The said spots will usually occur on the face’s two sides in shape and pattern that tend to be similar and can have a color ranging from black, dark brown, to tan.
Ethnicity should also be considered in determining the color of the spots. For people who are dark-skinned, the color will veer more on patches that are black and brown. On the other hand, for individuals that have a pale skin complexion, melasma may look to have a color that is more light brown or tan. Spots on the skin can happen to both females and males, regardless of age and regardless of the skin tone based on possible underlying conditions. A Liver spot, which is another name used for hyperpigmentation, may develop on people who are aged 50 years and above due to exposure to the sun and is also a natural part of getting older.
Fortunately, these troublesome blemishes can be addressed easily and can be treated using a wide range of DIY remedies and medical procedures. More importantly, though is that people prevent the development of these sunspots by observing regimens for skincare and applying processes that can lead to the prevention of damage to the sun.
Different Forms of Hyperpigmentation
Below are some of the different forms of hyperpigmentation:
- Melasma– Caused by sun exposure, pregnancy, and hormones. It has an appearance of a dark spot, brown, or pale brown.
- Liver Spots: Also referred to as age spots or solar lentigo. Caused by old age, pale skin, and sun exposure. It has an appearance of dark patches on the hands, shoulders, arms, face, and patches that are dark patches, and small brown.
- Birthmarks: Cells or blood vessels that are producing extra pigment. It may look like brown or red spots that show up after being born.
- Moles: Caused by lesions on the skin when people reach adulthood. It may also be color black, brown, light, and pink, and may have a shape that may be irregular or regular.
- Freckles: caused by UV exposure and genetics. This may look like spots that are color brown or small and will vary in color.
Possible Home Remedies for Black Mark on the Forehead
Some of the more aggressive options for treatment can still require a significant amount of time for it to show some results. While doing these treatments, there are several things people can try out to reduce the occurrence of dark patches can lead to them being less noticed. Those who have sensitive skin and those trying to avoid their skin getting irritated especially those who are prone to developing acne, people can go for different treatment choices such as medical treatments, bleaching products, and spot correctors, creams, moisturizers, and serums.
Also, a lot of these natural remedies can lead to reduced production of melanin and encourage the turnover of skin cells which can lead to reduced fine lines, moisturized skin, and wrinkles that are reduced, and skin condition that is improved. Below are some of the possible treatment options for this black mark or spot on the forehead or the face:
- Exfoliation: For dark patches that are relatively new, this may only have affected the skin’s first few layers. As such, having the skin’s top layers may be the ideal solution. To do this, individuals must first identify a cleanser exfoliating product and have it applied to the area that is affected. Depending on the chosen exfoliation product, there may be a need to have the face dampened first before beginning treatment. Next, have the product massaged well into the skin before having it rinsed off. Skin must be exfoliated daily or alternately per day to better understand how the skin will respond to the treatment.
- Citrus Rub: Citrusy Fruits contain increased levels of ascorbic acid which can help in the removal of the skin’s top layer without damaging it.
- Vitamin E- This vitamin is a potent antioxidant that can help address cells that are damaged. Vitamin E oil can be slathered on the skin directly or individuals can choose to increase their intake of vitamin E rich foods. Some food items that have increased vitamin E content include squash, tofu, leafy greens, avocado, and nuts. Serums and capsules containing vitamin E are also available in most major stores.
- Aloe Vera Gel: Apply gel from the Aloe Vera plant on the affected area of the face for half an hour in the evening and the morning before rinsing the applied gel using water that is lukewarm.
- Apple Cider Vinegar: Mix water and apple cider vinegar in a bowl and apply it to the face’s affected area. Ensure that this mixture is rinsed with water that is lukewarm before moisturizing.
- Buttermilk- Apply this DIY remedy on the affected area and leave for around twenty minutes. Ensure that it is rinsed off before moisturizing.
- Castor Oil: Using a Qtip, apply castor oil on the dark spot in the evening and the morning.