Incidences and deaths caused by cancer have gradually decreased for 25 years. According to the report, as of 2016, the number has gone down to 27% a vast improvement compared to its highest reported in 1991. These prostate cancer facts are from the American Cancer Society.
The decrease can be traced to the improvement in early detection, treatment, and high awareness of the triggers and necessary life changes to reduce the risk.
Despite the positive numbers, the outlook for cancer still remains gloomy as it is still considered one of the leading causes of death in the US. From the among the types of cancer and cancerous growths, Prostate Cancer still causes so many emotional pains as many Americans still suffer and ail from this malady.
Knowing Cancer and Different Types
Our body’s cells have certain timelines and length. Cells play an important part in letting specific organs and systems function properly. While cells are expected to thrive and nourish, it also decays and gets depleted, which is a normal occurrence. However, cancer, unfortunately, alters the lifespan of the cells, slows down their progression, and even hastens the decay of other cells and vital organs of the body. Once cancer grows, it attacks and weakens the body as they deplete the nourishment and oxygen for the whole body.
Cancer develops in two ways, growth of tumors and overproduction of certain cells that contribute to the weakening of the system – like leukemia.
The second leading cause of death in the world, cancer manifests in many forms. There are five major types of cancer and these are carcinoma, leukemia, sarcoma, lymphoma, and melanoma. Prostate cancer falls under carcinoma which is the most common type as it grows and attacks the body’s vital organs and glands.
So why does cancer occur? Science points to a gene mutation on why certain people develop and suffer from this sickness. Gene mutations can either happen due to genetic predisposition (or inherited from parentage) or develop after birth due to several causes. For genetic mutations that develop after birth, the causes could be radiation, smoking, chronic inflammation, poor diet, lack of exercise, excessive weight, exposure to carcinogenic substances, and even excessive exposure to the sun.
When it comes to hereditary reasons why genetic mutation happens, reports say that this mutation accounts for five to 10 percent in the overall causes of cancer in the US.
What You Need to Know: Prostate Cancer Facts
Only men develop prostate cancer as only males have this gland. Prostate, located below the bladder and in front of the rectum, secretes a fluid that supports the movement of the sperm cell to the female’s fallopian tube to fuse with the egg cell. Shaped and about the same size of an almond, the prostate gland also could develop other sicknesses other than prostate cancer such as prostatitis and prostatic hyperplasia. The most serious of course is prostate cancer as it could be fatal when left untreated and spreads to other vital organs.
Second to skin cancer, prostate cancer can affect all men but the susceptibility increases as they age. Normally, it is rare for men to be diagnosed with this sickness at the age of 30 or below 40. Ethnicity also poses certain risks as in the US, the incidence of prostate cancer is higher among African-American men – or 74% higher than other ethnicities in the US.
According to the American cancer society, almost 100% of incidences of prostate cancer are adenocarcinomas or when cells mutate and transform into a tumor. Based on the findings of the National Cancer Institute, the average age of a person diagnosed to be afflicted with prostate cancer is 66 years old, and death at 80 years old.
While only 10 percent of prostate cancer arises due to genetics, the susceptibility of a man developing this ailment increases when a family member suffers from one. Diet, lifestyle, and environmental causes could also be influential factors. The greatest risk is also among older men, as one can deduce from the average age of men diagnosed with prostate cancer.
Prostate Cancer Facts: Symptoms and Treatment
One out of seven Americans could develop prostate cancer; however, at times it does not show any symptoms and even be undetected throughout the person’s lifetime. This is because in some cases, the growth of the cancer is slow. However, some prostate cancerous cells are quite aggressive thus the signs manifest immediately. Hence, getting an early diagnosis is very crucial to immediately treat or remove cancer and make the necessary lifestyle adjustments.
Men who are suffering from prostate cancer have the following signs:
• Ejaculation that is painful
• Presence of blood in the semen
• Erectile dysfunction
• Difficulty in urinating
• Always urinating
• Blood presence in the urine
• Burning sensation when peeing
Diagnosing and Beating Prostate Cancer
Diagnosing early the presence of prostate cancer is important to know the appropriate treatment and healing. It also reduces the risk of cancer metastasizing to other vital organs – one reason why prostate cancer could be fatal as cancer can spread to other areas too.
Before diagnosing, if the man is starting to show some signs and symptoms, the doctor would probably recommend a Digital Rectal Exam (DRE) to see and feel solid substance on the prostate. A blood test to measure the presence of protein in the blood is another way of screening. This test is called PSA (Prostate-Specific Antigen) and another one is known as a free PSA test. A high level of PSA could indicate prostate cancer, but a biopsy can be requested by the doctor for more accurate results.
In removing the cancerous tumor, there are four methods of treatment for men afflicted and
these are chemotherapy, radiation, surgery, and immunotherapy.
Prevention of Prostate Cancer
While early detection can avert the spread of cancer and treat it, there are no exact prevention strategies that can prevent prostate cancer from appearing, most especially if it is hereditary. There are however some ways to lower the risk such as:
• Eating a balanced meal
• Eliminating trans-fat food
• Incorporating fiber-rich food in your diet
• Exercising regularly
• Maintaining a healthy weight
• Going to the doctor for a regular check-up.